Discover the beauty and diversity of flowers that start with the letter C through our comprehensive guide. From the elegant Camellia to the vibrant Chrysanthemum, each entry includes a brief description, highlighting their unique characteristics, ideal growing conditions, and garden uses. Perfect for garden enthusiasts and floral aficionados seeking inspiration.
As a passionate gardener and flower enthusiast, I've always been fascinated by the diverse beauty that nature offers, especially when it comes to flowers. My latest journey through the floral alphabet has brought me to the letter C, a category that boasts some of the most captivating and colorful blooms in the botanical world. From the classic elegance of Camellias to the cheerful vibrancy of California Poppies, each flower has its unique charm and story. In this post, I'm excited to share with you a curated list of 30 flowers that start with the letter C, complete with descriptions that highlight their distinct features, preferred habitats, and how they can bring life to any garden or home.
30 Flowers That Start with C
Camellias are evergreen shrubs or small trees known for their beautiful, glossy leaves and stunning flowers that bloom in shades of pink, red, white, and sometimes yellow. Originating from eastern and southern Asia, these plants are highly prized in gardens for their winter or early spring flowers, which can be single, semi-double, or double. They prefer acidic soil and partial shade, making them excellent for woodland settings or as specimen plants in sheltered gardens.
Carnations (Dianthus caryophyllus) are popular for their ruffled, ball-shaped blooms and a wide range of colors, including pink, white, red, and variegated forms. These flowers are cherished in bouquets and arrangements for their beauty and their spicy, clove-like fragrance. They thrive in well-drained, neutral to slightly alkaline soil and full sun, making them versatile for garden beds, borders, and containers.
Chrysanthemums, often called mums, are a staple of the fall garden, offering a brilliant display of colors from white and yellow to pink and deep burgundy. These perennials are celebrated for their variety, with flowers that can be daisy-like, decorative, pompons, or buttons. Chrysanthemums require well-drained soil and full sun to flourish and are perfect for borders, pots, or as cut flowers.
Clematis is a genus of climbing vines known for their spectacular flowers, ranging in color from purples and blues to pinks, whites, and reds. These plants are versatile, used for trellises, walls, arbors, and pergolas to add vertical interest in the garden. They prefer their heads in full sun and their roots cool and shaded, often thriving with the assistance of other plants or a mulch covering.
Coreopsis, commonly known as tickseed, are vibrant perennial flowers that brighten the garden with their daisy-like, yellow, gold, pink, or bicolor blooms. These easy-care plants are drought-tolerant once established, making them ideal for sunny borders and wildflower gardens. Coreopsis flowers throughout the summer, attracting bees and butterflies to the garden.
Cosmos are annual plants known for their simple, daisy-like flowers that come in shades of pink, purple, red, white, and yellow. They are incredibly easy to grow from seed and make a striking addition to borders and beds with their airy foliage. Cosmos prefer full sun and well-drained soil, and they bloom profusely even in poor soil conditions.
Crocuses are among the first flowers to bloom in late winter or early spring, bringing cheer with their cup-shaped, vibrant flowers in purple, yellow, white, and striped varieties. These small, bulbous perennials are ideal for naturalizing in lawns, woodland gardens, and under deciduous trees. Crocuses require well-drained soil and full to partial sun to thrive.
8. Calla Lily
Calla Lilies are known for their elegant, trumpet-shaped flowers that come in a range of colors, including white, yellow, pink, and purple. Though not true lilies, they are highly prized in both gardens and as cut flowers for their sleek form and graceful appearance. They prefer moist, well-drained soil and partial to full sun, thriving in both garden beds and containers.
Calendula, also known as pot marigold, is appreciated for its cheerful, bright yellow and orange flowers that bloom from early spring to fall. These hardy annuals are excellent for borders, pots, and as edible flowers, adding color to tea, salads, and dishes. They are also packed with skin-soothing benefits and make a great addition to body oil, lotion, and lip balm. Calendulas prefer full sun and well-drained soil, and they are known for their ability to attract beneficial insects to the garden.
10. California Poppy
The California Poppy, the state flower of California, is a resilient annual or perennial plant that dazzles with silky, cup-shaped flowers in shades of orange, yellow, red, and pink. These drought-tolerant plants thrive in poor, well-drained soil and full sun, making them ideal for wildflower gardens and naturalized areas. Their bright blooms close each evening and on cloudy days, adding dynamic interest to the landscape.
11. Canna Lily
Canna Lilies are tropical perennials known for their large, banana-like leaves and bold, vibrant flowers in red, orange, yellow, and pink. These plants add a touch of the tropics to gardens and containers with their dramatic foliage and showy blooms. Cannas thrive in full sun to partial shade and prefer moist, rich soil, making them perfect for waterside plantings or as focal points in garden beds.
Columbines (Aquilegia) are enchanting perennial flowers with distinctive, bell-shaped blooms and a wide range of colors, including blue, purple, red, and yellow. Their delicate foliage adds texture to shaded garden spots or woodland settings. Columbines prefer moist, well-drained soil and partial shade, where they can attract hummingbirds and butterflies.
Coneflowers (Echinacea) are native perennials beloved for their large, daisy-like flowers with raised centers, ranging in color from pink and purple to yellow and orange. These tough plants are drought-resistant, making them a staple in perennial gardens, meadows, and naturalized areas. Coneflowers thrive in full sun and well-drained soil, attracting pollinators and serving as excellent cut flowers.
Candytuft (Iberis) is a perennial evergreen plant that produces clusters of small, white flowers, creating a striking contrast against its dark green foliage. This low-growing plant is perfect for rock gardens, and borders, and as a ground cover, blooming profusely in early spring. Candytuft prefers full sun to partial shade and well-drained soil, and it's valued for its drought tolerance once established.
Clivia is a genus of evergreen perennials known for their striking, funnel-shaped orange, red, or yellow flowers, which are borne in clusters on sturdy stems. These shade-loving plants are perfect for indoor use or shaded garden areas where their glossy, dark green leaves can add elegance and color. Clivias prefer well-drained soil and indirect light, making them ideal for north-facing windows or shaded outdoor settings.
Cyclamen are valued for their beautiful, upswept flowers in shades of pink, red, white, and purple, and their heart-shaped, patterned leaves. These tuberous perennials are excellent for adding color to fall and winter, thriving in cool, moist conditions. Cyclamen prefer indirect light and well-drained soil, making them ideal for indoor decoration or shaded outdoor gardens.
Cornflower, also known as Bachelor's button, is an annual wildflower that produces vivid blue flowers, although cultivars may also be pink, purple, or white. These easy-to-grow plants are perfect for cottage gardens, wildflower meadows, and cut flowers. Cornflowers prefer full sun and well-drained soil, blooming throughout the summer and attracting bees and butterflies.
Clarkia, also known as farewell-to-spring, is an annual flower that blooms in late spring to early summer, offering a range of colors from pink to lavender and white. These plants are ideal for adding a splash of color to the garden after spring bulbs have faded. Clarkias prefer full sun and well-drained soil, making them suitable for borders, containers, and wildflower gardens.
Cleome, or spider flower, is an annual that produces tall, dramatic stalks topped with large, airy clusters of flowers in pink, purple, white, or bicolor. These distinctive plants add height and texture to the back of borders and are ideal for cottage gardens. Cleome prefers full sun and well-drained soil, and it's known for its ability to attract pollinators and deter deer.
Cockscomb (Celosia) is renowned for its unique, velvety blooms that resemble a rooster's comb, in vibrant shades of red, yellow, orange, and pink. These annuals are perfect for adding texture and color to garden beds and containers. Cockscomb thrives in full sun and well-drained soil, making it a favorite for both gardeners and florists.
21. Chocolate Cosmos
Chocolate Cosmos (Cosmos atrosanguineus) are noted for their dark, chocolate-brown flowers that emit a faint chocolate scent, making them a unique addition to sensory gardens. These tuberous perennials bloom from summer to fall, offering a continuous display of their intriguing flowers. Chocolate Cosmos prefer full sun and well-drained soil, thriving in borders and containers.
Cuphea, often called cigar plant or firecracker plant, is a genus of annuals and perennials known for their small, tubular flowers in shades of red, orange, and purple. These plants are excellent for attracting hummingbirds and butterflies to the garden. Cuphea prefers full sun to partial shade and well-drained soil, making it versatile for borders, containers, and ground cover.
Campanula, or bellflower, includes a wide variety of species that produce bell-shaped flowers in shades of blue, purple, white, and pink. These perennials are perfect for rock gardens, borders, and cottage gardens, offering a charming display from late spring to early summer. Campanulas prefer well-drained soil and full sun to partial shade, with some species tolerating more shade.
Catmint (Nepeta) is a perennial herb that produces lavender-blue flowers atop aromatic, gray-green foliage, blooming from late spring to fall. This easy-to-grow plant is drought-tolerant once established and attracts bees and butterflies. Catmint is ideal for borders, herb gardens, and as a low-maintenance ground cover, preferring full sun and well-drained soil.
Celosia is a genus of annual flowering plants known for their brightly colored, plume-like flowers that come in shades of red, orange, yellow, and pink. These plants add a bold, tropical flair to the garden and are excellent for both beds and containers. Celosia prefers full sun and well-drained soil, thriving in hot, dry conditions.
26. Chinese Lantern
Chinese Lantern (Physalis alkekengi) is known for its distinctive, orange-red, lantern-shaped husks that enclose the fruit, offering unique interest in fall and winter. These perennial plants are often grown for their decorative seed pods, which are used in dried arrangements. Chinese Lanterns prefer full sun to partial shade and well-drained soil, spreading readily in the garden.
Chionodoxa, also known as glory-of-the-snow, is one of the first bulbs to bloom in spring, producing star-shaped, blue flowers with white centers. These small, bulbous perennials are ideal for naturalizing in lawns, woodland gardens, and under deciduous trees. Chionodoxa prefers well-drained soil and full to partial sun, quickly spreading to form a carpet of blooms.
Cineraria refers to several species of plants known for their vibrant, daisy-like flowers in shades of blue, pink, purple, and red. These tender perennials are often grown as annuals in cooler climates, brightening up indoor spaces and shaded outdoor areas. Cineraria prefers moist, well-drained soil and indirect light, making them popular for container plantings and cool-season displays.
29. Clary Sage
Clary Sage (Salvia sclarea) is a biennial or short-lived perennial herb known for its large, aromatic leaves and spikes of lilac, blue, or white flowers. This plant is valued not only for its ornamental qualities but also for its uses in herbal medicine and aromatherapy. Clary Sage prefers full sun and well-drained soil, thriving in herb gardens and as a background plant in borders.
Cobaea, or cup-and-saucer vine, is a fast-growing, climbing perennial known for its large, bell-shaped flowers that change color from green to purple as they mature. This vine is perfect for covering trellises, walls, and fences, adding a dramatic flair to the garden. Cobaea prefers full sun to partial shade and well-drained soil, thriving in warm climates or as a summer annual in cooler regions.